Inspired by Formula One technology, Ferrari's new Gran Turismo
benefits from over fifty years of Ferrari success. Named in honor of the
companies' founder, the Enzo is one of a limited series of road cars
including the 288GTO, F40 and F50. These cars represent Ferrari's
continuing desire to produce the most exclusive and technologically
advanced road car.
Branding race-derived technology to road cars is not a new idea,
especially to Ferrari. Up until the late fifties, Ferrari's road and
racing cars were practically the same product. Since that time, safety
regulations, manufacturing costs and practicality have distinctly spilt
the cars we race, from the cars we drive daily. The goal of the Enzo was
to bridge this gap.
As Luca de Montezemolo states, 'To bring together our racing success and
the fundamental role of races, I decided that this car, which represents
the best our technology is capable of, should be dedicated to the
founder of the company, who always thought racing should lay the
foundation for our road car designs.'
Built in Maranello and tested around Fiorano by both Michael Schumacher
and Dario Benuzzi, the Enzo was built from a wealth of talent within
Ferrari. Internally, the project was know as the FX, which cost Ferrari
20 million euros to develop.
With an initial production run of 350 Enzos, four hundred were built in
either red, yellow or black, or a custom color if the customer's
relationship with the firm was strong enough. The extra fifty cars
brought in $28.8 million USD (24.4 million euros) for Ferrari, with each
car being sold at a $554 00 USD (487,700 EU) profit. With these figures,
Ferrari has proven they not only can sell half million dollar cars, they
can yield quite a profit margin from them too.
F140 V12 -One of Ferrari's Largest
Racing-inspired technology lays the foundation of the Enzo. As such, the
chassis is built from carbon fiber and aluminum honeycomb panels forming
a rigid tub. At the center of the chassis is an all new, twelve-cylinder
engine called the F140. At two points, the engine is attached to an
alloy sub-frame which contains vibration from leaking into the passenger
compartment. With this sub-frame, the Enzo is particularly unlike the
F50 and unlike Formula One cars.
The F140 is one of the largest Ferrari engines, only being eclipsed by
the Can Am units. Having such a large displacement allows the Enzo to
deliver a healthy amount of torque, specifically 137 ft lbs (186nm) more
than the F50 at 1000 rpm sooner. Despite the engine's large
displacement, it still manages to achieve 110 bhp/liter thanks to many
Borrowed straight from Formula One developments, highlights of the F140
engine include a continuously variable intake manifold and variable
valve timing. Never combined on road car before the Enzo, these systems
maximize fuel consumption and torque across the range.
Attached to the engine, the transmission unit also houses an oil tank,
bevel gear, differential.
An electrohydraulic system automatically activates the clutch and gear
changes. This gearbox is the first semi-automatic setup on a road-going,
Ferrari V12. Developments from Formula One help it achieve gear changes
in 150 milliseconds and close to 90 milliseconds when in sport mode.
Four lights atop the steering wheel indicate to the driver when an up
shift is needed. Gear changes are made via two paddles behind the
steering wheel. No fully automatic selection is offered.
Designed by Ferrari Gestione Sportiva (Ferrari Sport Management),
many imbedded electronic systems help comfort of the Enzo driver. A
central computer harmonizes the engine, suspension, transmission and
aerodynamic subsystems to optimize performance and safety. How these
subsystems communicate and their behaviors depend on which mode the
driver selects from the steering wheel.
The Enzo has three distinct control settings which include Sport, Race
and No ASR. These options primarily change the settings of the active
damping, electrohydraulic shifting and traction control. In No ASR mode,
the most agressive setting, the driver has the option of using Launch
Control as borrowed from Formula One.
Getting much attention is the ASR which is Ferrari's fancy term for
traction control. The ASR works primarily with the ABS to guarantee a
high level of stability during strong cornering forces. The ASR is so
advanced that only drivers such as Benuzzi and Schumacher benefit from
turning it off.
During the press preview at Fiorano all the test drives had to be done
with the ASR on. This, however, did not stop 5th Gear's Tiff Needel from
promptly turning it off: 'I can't drive a Ferrari with that on'
promptly followed by 'now the Ferrari is alive' made his point well.
Tiff fetched the best time of day, but remained over four seconds slower
As first seen on 575, the Enzo employs a system of continuously
controlled electronic dampers. This active damping allows the Enzo to
offer a comfortable ride in sport mode or a hard suspension in race
modes. It works by continually adjusting internal proportional valves
within the dampers.
Developed in conjunction with Brembro, the braking system in the Enzo
provides world-class stopping power. All four wheels sport fifteen inch,
carbon-ceramic discs which are less temperature sensitive like Formula
One discs which only work well when they are very hot.
The carbon-ceramic brakes mark the first time a composite disc has been
applied to a Ferrari road car. The system saves 27 lbs (12.5kgs) of
unsprung weight when compared to conventional steel discs. The CCM
material also has the advantage of being resistant to corrosion.
Pininfarina Styling & Aerodynamics
Pininfarina and Ferrari have a close relationship which started with the
1951 212 Inter Barchetta. Since that time, Pininfarina have styled most
road-going Ferraris including the Enzo, which is their most radical
design to date.
Pininfarina's form combines complex detail with a clean and balanced
overall shape. Aggressive lines adorn the exterior which include an
interpretation of the Formula One nose, to which the Enzo owes it's
technology. These styling cues break ground in the area of design and
will be copied both in future super cars and future Ferraris.
Unlike the F40 and F50 which came before it, the Enzo is devoid of any
rear wing. The absence of the rear wing was possible due to the
underbody at the rear of the car which includes two large diffusers.
These diffusers generate sufficient down force to replace a drag-heavy
Further active aerodynamics help the Enzo maintain stability at all
speeds. An adjustable rear spoiler and adjustable front flap allow for
either high load or high speed aerodynamic setup. Above 186 mph (300kph)
the Enzo reduces its down force from 1709 lbs (775kg) to 1290 lbs
(585kg) allowing for a top speed of 217 mph (350 kph) .
During a period of great achievement for Ferrari, the Enzo reflects
victories which include four consecutive F1 championships. The
Pininfarina styling and semi-automatic, six-speed transmission trace
their roots to heart of motor sport. No doubt, Enzo Ferrari himself
would be most proud of this limited series named in his honor.
Unlike the Ferrari F50, the Enzo was made with compromises towards
driver comfort. Fortunately, Ferrari have used sufficient active systems
allowing level of comfort to be adjusted from the drivers seat. It is
these sophisticated electronics, centered around Ferrari's best
road-worthy engine that make the Enzo as special as it is.
Written by Richard Owen